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Romans Intro 9_19_11 TBC
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Earth 3 flag Bible Trek Logo Our unending mission… To seek out new insights and applications from God’s inspired Word. And to boldly go wherever the Lord leads us… TBC logo small w letters rOMANS thru 2011 to 2012 WELCOME TO In 386 A.D., Aurelius Augustine received Jesus Christ as his Savior after reading a passage from the Book of Romans. He went on to become one of the church’s most outstanding leaders and theologians. _ypElp_fdA/s1600/St.+Augustine.jpg Martin Luther wrote, “Night and day I pondered Romans until I grasped the truth. I felt myself to be reborn. This passage of Paul became to me a gateway to heaven.” Martin Luther.jpg On May 24, 1738 , a minister named John Wesley wrote this about his study in the Book of Romans: “I felt my heart strangely warmed. I felt I did trust in Christ, Christ alone for my salvation; and an assurance was given me that He had taken away my sins…”! mages/user/thumb_4d22fa3ff6.jpg In assessing the importance of the Book of Romans, John Calvin said, “When one gains a knowledge of this Epistle, he has an entrance opened to him to all the most hidden treasures of Scripture.” -41.jpg The famous sixteenth-century Bible translator William Tyndale wrote of Romans: “It is the principle and most excellent part of the New Testament... No man can read it too oft, or study it too well; for the more it is studied, the easier it is; the more it is chewed, the pleasanter it is… the more it is searched, the preciouser things are found….” “Romans will delight the greatest logician and captivate the mind of the consummate genius, yet it will bring tears to the humblest soul and refreshment to the simplest mind” Anonymous The ROMAN ROAD 3:10 “There is no one righteous, not even one.” 3:23 “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” 5:12 “Death came to all men, because all sinned.” 6:23 “The wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Jesus Christ our Lord.” 5:8 “God demonstrates his own love for us in this, while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” The ROMAN ROAD 10:9-10 “If you confess with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and are saved.” 10:13 “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.” And we know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him, who have been called according to his purpose.  Romans 8:28 Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God's mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God this is true worship. Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God's will is his good, pleasing and perfect will.  Romans 12:1,2 Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Romans 5:1 I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile.  Romans 1:16 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus. Romans 8:1 at the top.jpg A chance to share your own Romans stories… Bible background.png Matthew Mark Luke John Acts Hebrews James 1&2 Peter 1,2&3 John Romans 1&2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1&2 Thessalonians 1&2 Timothy Titus Philemon Jude Revelation Gospels History Paul’s Epistles General Epistles Prophecy The New Testament Primarily a book of doctrine with little historical material Answers many questions about man and God: What is the good news of God? Is Jesus really God? What is God like? How can God send people to hell? Why do men reject God and His Son? Why are there false religions and idols? What is man’s biggest sin? Why is there evil in the world? What is the standard by which God judges people? What is the role of the Old Testament Law? How can a person who has never heard about God be held spiritually responsible? Can any person keep God’s laws perfectly? How can a person know he is a sinner? Where can people find real peace and hope? What exactly is grace? What about human governments? Is God done with Israel and the Jews, or do they still have some role in His plan? Why is living a Christian life such a struggle? Are any of these questions relevant to you? Aegean 1 Athens Via Egnatia Samothrace Thessalonica Paul’s Second Missionary Journey Troas Philippi Neapolis Berea Corinth anansap An icon of our namesake, St. Timothy, bishop of Ephesus. Timothy Priscilla Aquila PaulsSecond Acts 18:22 When he landed at Caesarea, he went up and greeted the church and then went down to Antioch. Acts 18:18 Paul stayed on in Corinth for some time. Then he left the brothers and sailed for Syria, accompanied by Priscilla and Aquila. Before he sailed, he had his hair cut off at Cenchrea because of a vow he had taken. Paul’s 2nd Missionary Journey 3rd missionary journey Galatia Spring/Summer 53 A.D. Antioch Fall/Winter 52 A.D. Acts 18:23 After spending some time in Antioch, Paul set out from there and traveled from place to place throughout the region of Galatia and Phrygia, strengthening all the disciples. 3rd missionary journey Ephesus 53-56 A.D. Galatia Spring/Summer 53 A.D. Antioch Fall/Winter 52 A.D. Acts 19:1 While Apollos was at Corinth, Paul took the road through the interior and arrived at Ephesus. There he found some disciples apollos 04 Temple%20of%20Artemis%20and%20Book%20Burning%20at%20Ephesus carr EphesusTheatre20001 Acts 20:1 When the uproar had ended, Paul sent for the disciples and, after encouraging them, said good-by and set out for Macedonia. 3rd missionary journey Ephesus 53-56 A.D. Corinth Winter 56-57 A.D. Galatia Spring/Summer 53 A.D. Antioch Fall/Winter 52 A.D. Romans written Acts 20:2,3a He traveled through that area, speaking many words of encouragement to the people, and finally arrived in Greece, where he stayed three months. Church Remains of a Corinthian Church Church The setting in Corinth… Paul had been teaching continuously in Ephesus for three years ending with being forced to leave this successful ministry While in Ephesus he wrote 1st and 2nd Corinthians (+1-2 other letters and a visit to Corinth) By the time he arrived, he had to wait the winter before he could sail back to Jerusalem He now had a time of relative peace, in a Church he had founded, loved and guided for many years Soon returning to Jerusalem but traveling to Rome and beyond was in his heart He will not make it to Rome for 3 years ul-preaching-before-the-temple-of-diana-at-ephesus.jpg Paul teaches in Ephesus for THREE years Is Romans a succinct summary of his well-versed teaching lessons at Ephesus? How do we know Romans was written in Corinth? ipedia/commons/2/29/UWASocrates_gobeirne_cropped.jpg Socrates nchreae.jpg Romans 16:1-2 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Romans 16:23 “Gaius, my host and the host of the whole church, greets you. Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother.” 1 Corinthians 1:14,14 I am thankful that I did not baptize any of you except Crispus and Gaius, so no one can say that you were baptized into my name. EEpEmY/TjogIuDiVhI/AAAAAAAAAI0/rHiDVd0mTSE/s1600/baptize.jpg http://bleon1.files.wordpress.c om/2010/12/dsc00492.jpg In 1929 an inscription was discovered at Corinth naming an Erastus as the one who paid for the paving of the street. The inscription reads “ERASTVS. PRO. AED. S. P. STRAVIT” which is translated, “Erastus in return for his aedilelship laid [the pavement] at his own expense.” writing%20Bible%20scroll%201.jpg Romans 16:22 I, Tertius, who wrote down this letter, greet you in the Lord. Galatians 6:11: “See what large letters I use as I write to you with my own hand!” jpg Paul 2.jpg Why did Paul Write Romans? 1 Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God— 2 the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3 regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life[a] was a descendant of David, 4 and who through the Spirit of holiness was appointed the Son of God in power[b] by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord. 5 Through him we received grace and apostleship to call all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from[c] faith for his name’s sake. Paul 2.jpg Why did Paul Write Romans? 6 And you also are among those Gentiles who are called to belong to Jesus Christ. 7 To all in Rome who are loved by God and called to be his holy people: Grace and peace to you from God our Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because your faith is being reported all over the world. 9 God, whom I serve in my spirit in preaching the gospel of his Son, is my witness how constantly I remember you 10 in my prayers at all times Paul 2.jpg Why did Paul Write Romans? and I pray that now at last by God’s will the way may be opened for me to come to you. 11 I long to see you so that I may impart to you some spiritual gift to make you strong— 12 that is, that you and I may be mutually encouraged by each other’s faith. 13 I do not want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters,[d] that I planned many times to come to you (but have been prevented from doing so until now) in order that I might have a harvest among you, just as I have had among the other Gentiles. Paul 2.jpg Why did Paul Write Romans? 14 I am obligated both to Greeks and non-Greeks, both to the wise and the foolish. 15 That is why I am so eager to preach the gospel also to you who are in Rome. 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God that brings salvation to everyone who believes: first to the Jew, then to the Gentile. 17 For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed—a righteousness that is by faith from first to last,[e] just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith.”[f] Paul 2.jpg Why did Paul Write Romans? Unlike his other letters, Paul does not address any particular problems Rome was the capital of the known world “all roads lead to Rome” Paul wanted to go to Rome Because the Romans had built roads to Spain and Paul wanted to take the Gospel to Spain.(Romans 15:23-29) He needed a base of operations in Rome There was a church there that he had never visited and Romans served as an introduction for him to them The Church at Rome Many Jews in Rome since conquest of Judea in 63 B.C. by Pompey The Church at Rome Church founded at Pentecost with “visitors from Rome” Acts 2:10 The Church at Rome Paul knew many of the believers in Rome: Priscella & Aquila and the church that meets in their home in Rome. Romans 16:3-5 The Church at Rome Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ. Greet Mary, who labored much for us. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. Greet Amplias, my beloved in the Lord. Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved. Greet Apelles, approved in Christ. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus. Greet Herodion, my countryman. Greet those who are of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord. Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who have labored in the Lord. Greet the beloved Persis, who labored much in the Lord. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine. Greet Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and the brethren who are with them. Greet Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints who are with them. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. Romans 16:5-15(NKJV) THEMES God 154 times Law 77 times Christ 65 times Sin 45 times Lord 44 times Righteousness or Righteous 43 times Faith 40 times Spirit (Holy Spirit) 29 times Death 28 -- Life 21 times Grace 20 times (more than any other Bible book) Theme Verses of Romans Romans 1:16-17 I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes, first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: “The righteous will live by faith.” Romans quotes the Old Testament 57 times Romans 16:17-19 I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Keep away from them. 18 For such people are not serving our Lord Christ, but their own appetites. By smooth talk and flattery they deceive the minds of naive people. 19 Everyone has heard about your obedience, so I rejoice because of you; but I want you to be wise about what is good, and innocent about what is evil. Unlike any other Epistle, Romans is sent to a church Paul did NOT found It is therefore NOT a critique of local problems but a well argued summary of the GOSPEL Paul was fearful of false gospels coming to the Roman church However he includes in his teaching every man woman and child on earth for all times including Israel He pulls together ALL SCRIPTURE to make his case for the Gospel Sin Salvation Sanctification Setting aside Israel Service Salutation 1:1-3:20 3:21-5:21 6-8 9-11 12-15:13 15:13-16:27 Outline of Romans 2 ½ 2 ½ 3 3 3 ½ 1 ½