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Doctrine of Angels
  1. Slide 1
  2. Slide 2
  3. Slide 3
  4. Slide 4
  5. Doctrine of Angels
  6. Three Important Elements about the Biblical revelation God has given us about angels
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  8. Definition of Angels
  9. The Terms Used of Angels
  10. The Terms Used of Angels
  11. The Terms Used of Angels
  12. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels
  13. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Created Beings
  14. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Created Beings
  15. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Created Beings
  16. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings
  17. Fallen Angels
  18. Fallen Angels
  19. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings
  20. Immaterialness
  21. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings
  22. Appearance
  23. Appearance
  24. Appearance
  25. Appearance
  26. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings
  27. The Origin Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings
  28. Creatureliness
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  30. Their Abilities and Powers
  31. Their Abilities and Powers
  32. Strength
  33. Their Position in Regard to Man
  34. Slide 34
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DescriptionOfAngels Doctrine of Tommy Sing, D.O. 200472206-001, Janie Airey /Stockbyte Are we the highest form of created being? bacteria So is it possible that creatures exist between man and God that have higher intelligence and power than man? This possibility is turned into certainty by the express and explicit teaching of the scriptures !! bible(8) DescriptionOfAngels Doctrine of Angels Angelology One of the 10 major categories of Theology Doctrine of Angels Holds an important place in the Word of God Often viewed as a difficult topic Not as an explicit description as with other subjects developed in the Bible Every reference to angels is incidental to some other topic God’s revelation never aims at informing us about their nature To inform us about God (what he does and how he does it) test_difficult Three Important Elements about the Biblical revelation God has given us about angels Inclusive in Scripture Referred to 196 times (103 O.T. and 93 N.T.) Many references, 34 books (earliest in Job & Genesis to Revelation) References to angels by the Lord Jesus ‘Creator of all Things’ angels_-6 Col. 1:16 For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. newsweek touched+by+an+angel2 In 1994 ABC aired a two-hour, prime time special titled “Angels: The mysterious messengers” Definition of Angels Spiritual beings created by God to serve Him, though created higher than man. Some, the good angels, have remained obedient to Him and carry out His will. Others have fallen, disobedient, fell from their holy position, stand in opposition to the work and plan of God angel Hebrews 1:4 Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation? Servants of God The Terms Used of Angels General Terms Primary word used in the Bible = Angel Seraphim (Isa. 6:2) Cherubim (Ezek. 10:1-3) Ministering Spirits (Heb. 1:13) Hebrew word mal’ach Greek word angelos Messenger (executes the purpose and will of the one whom they serve) 61xnF3z0RDL The Terms Used of Angels Holy Ones (Ps. 89:5,7) Creation of a holy God, they were created perfect without any flaw or sin Holy because of their purpose. “set apart” by God as His servants and as attendants to His holiness (Isa. 6) The Terms Used of Angels Host Hebrew tsaba “army, armies, hosts” Military term, warfare Armies of Heaven, serve the army of God engaged in spiritual warfare (Ps. 89:6, I Sam. 1:11; 17:45) Multitude of heavenly beings who serve God “Lord of hosts” (Isa. 31:4) michael The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels Angels are Created Beings The Fact of Their Creation Created beings and not the spirits of departed or glorified human beings “For he commanded and they were created” Guardian-Angel Ps 148:1-5 Praise the Lord! Praise the Lord from the sky! Praise him in the heavens! Praise him, all his angels! Praise him, all his heavenly assembly! Praise him, O sun and moon! Praise him, all you shiny stars! Praise him, O highest heaven, and you waters above the sky! Let them praise the name of the Lord, for he gave the command and they came into existence. The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels - Created Beings The Time of Their Creation Exact time is never stated Created before the creation of the world Present when the earth was created Image11 Job 38:4-7 “Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation?    Tell me, if you understand. Who marked off its dimensions? Surely you know!    Who stretched a measuring line across it? On what were its footings set,    or who laid its cornerstone— while the morning stars sang together    and all the angels shouted for joy? The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels - Created Beings The Agent of Their Creation Christ, as the one who created all things, is the center of angels Bible-Genesis-740110 John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels - Created Beings The Nature and Number of Their Creation Created simultaneously as a host or a company Not subject to death or any form of extinction Do not procreate Innumerable host created before creation of the earth newbaby1 Neh. 9:6 You alone are the LORD. You made the heavens, even the highest heavens, and all their starry host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them. You give life to everything, and the multitudes of heaven worship you. Rev. 5:11 Then I looked and heard the voice of many angels, numbering thousands upon thousands, and ten thousand times ten thousand. They encircled the throne and the living creatures and the elders. The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings Their Abode “Angels which are in heaven” (Mark 13:32) Fixed abodes or centers for their activities Have access to the entire universe, due to their duties and service of God ANd9GcTpeJmaVrXsaIjZBat_-x-80ou Eu9Lq12rFyIuUbzmhVFhSUJIWcA Rev. 7:2 Then I saw another angel coming up from the east, having the seal of the living God. He called out in a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm the land and the sea: Rev. 10:1 Then I saw another mighty angel coming down from heaven. He was robed in a cloud, with a rainbow above his head; his face was like the sun, and his legs were like fiery pillars. Fallen Angels Have an abode other than heaven No specific location Satan will be bound in the “Abyss” 10k years after the Second Coming before he is released Destiny is the lake of fire satan-the-bad-angel Rev. 20:3 He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time. Matt. 25:41 “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels. 3795236_f496 Fallen Angels Two groups Freedom to carry out Satan’s plans Other are confined Temporarily Permanently Jesus_Satan Jude 6 And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their proper dwelling—these he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day. 2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them in chains of darkness to be held for judgment; The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings Immaterialness Reveal themselves as the form of a human bodies (Gen. 18:3) Described as “spirits” (Heb. 1:14) Do not have material bodies as humans do No marriage, procreation or subject to death 1528936_f520 Gen. 18:2-3 Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby. When he saw them, he hurried from the entrance of his tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground.   He said, “If I have found favor in your eyes, my lord, do not pass your servant by. Heb. 1:14 Are not all angels ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation? Mark 12:25 When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven. Luke 20:36 and they can no longer die; for they are like the angels. Immaterialness Not subject to the limitations of man Have great wisdom than man (2 Sam. 14:20) Greater power than man (Matt. 28:2) Not created in the image of God, redeemed man will be exalted above angels (1 Cor. 6:3) 501-19952 2 Sam. 14:20 Your servant Joab did this to change the present situation. My lord has wisdom like that of an angel of God—he knows everything that happens in the land.” Matt. 24:36 “But about that day or hour n o one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. Matt. 28:2 There was a violent earthquake, for an angel of the Lord came down from heaven and, going to the tomb, rolled back the stone and sat on it. 1 Cor. 6:3 Do you not know that we will judge angels? The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings Appearance Spirit beings, usually not seen, unless God gives the ability to see them or unless they manifest themselves to be seen. balaam Num. 22:31 Appearance Often mistaken as men (man-like appearance) Manifests as God’s glory Brilliant apparel Never as ghost or winged animals abr_sarah Gen. 18:2 Luke 2:9 An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. Matt. 28:3 His appearance was like lightning, and his clothes were white as snow. Appearance Occasionally pictured in other forms and manifestations as with wings, and as a combination of man, beast, and birds But usually in way of a vision or special revelation from God ezekiel01 Appearance Youthful or mature men Never as old men Perhaps because they neither age or die The+women+meeting+the+angels+at+the+tomb+on+Easte+22-17-09 Mark 16:5 As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed In a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed. Appearance Angels in the form of women? Cherubim and seraphim are represented as winged Above, true of angels in general? http://www.whatsaiththescriptur Zacharias and the Angel Zech. 5:9 Then I looked up—and there before me were two women, with the wind in their wings! They had wings like those of a stork, and they lifted up the basket between heaven and earth. Isa. 6:2 Above him were seraphim, each with six wings: With two wings they covered their faces, with two they covered their feet, and with two they were flying. The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings Holiness Created holy Without sin Perfect holiness angel Mark 8:38 If anyone is ashamed of me and my words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will be ashamed of them when he comes in his Father’s glory with the holy angels.” The Origin, Nature and Number of Angels Spirit Beings Creatureliness Created beings They are not divine Their worship is forbidden Are under God’s authority and judgment 4a Col. 2:18a Do not let anyone who delights in false humility and the worship of angels disqualify you. Creatureliness Angels are powerful and awesome in many ways, but, like us, they are only creatures and servants of the living God who alone deserves our worship Not to pray to them The Lord delivers them to minister to us p295 Acts 27:25 So keep up your courage, men, for I have faith in God that it will happen just as he told me. Lewis Chafer One reason angels are rendered invisible to human sight may be that, if they were seen, they would be worshipped. Man, who is so prone to idolatry as to worship the works of his own hands, would hardly be able to resist the worship of angels were they before his eyes. Jeroboam%27s_Idolatry greed 08092304lust_lq_023 Their Abilities and Powers Knowledge Superhuman knowledge Not omniscient L7-Banish Matt. 24:36 “But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. James 2:19 You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that and shudder. Their Abilities and Powers Strength Statements in scripture Activities in scripture Ps 103:20 Praise the LORD, you his angels,    you mighty ones who do his bidding, Acts 5:19 But during the night an angel of the Lord opened the doors of the jail and brought them out. 2 Kings 6:15-17 When the servant of the man of God got up and went out early the next morning, an army with horses and chariots had surrounded the city. “Oh no, my lord! What shall we do?” the servant asked. “Don’t be afraid,” the prophet answered. “Those who are with us are more than those who are with them.”  And Elisha prayed, “Open his eyes, LORD, so that he may see.” Then the LORD opened the servant’s eyes, and he looked and saw the hills full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha. Strength Satan must operate under the permissive will of God job-boils Job 2:6 The LORD said to Satan, “Very well, then, he is in your hands; but you must spare his life.” Their Position in Regard to Man Man is lower than angels Angels > intelligence/power/movement Serve as ministering spirits to serve the saints Never to be worshipped, are only creatures One day believers will be higher than angels angels_-6 Questions?